The lookahead method provides an interesting way to accelerate and stabilize algorithms of stochastic gradient descent family. The main idea is quite simple:

  • Set some number . Take initial parameter weights
  • Do steps with your favorite optimization algorithm:
  • Take some value between initial and :

  • Update with the last output of the algorithm.
  • Repeat profit

Authors introduced separation on the fast weights and slow weights, which naturally arise in the described procedure. The paper contains proof for optimal step-size of the quadratic loss function and provides understanding why this technique could reduce variance of Stochastic gradient descent in the noisy quadratic case. Moreover, this work compares the convergence rate in dependency of condition number of the squared system.

It is worth to say, that author claims significant improvement in practical huge scale settings (ImageNet, CIFAR10,CIFAR100)


  • Interesting idea, costs almost nothing, why not to try?
  • Works with any SGD-like optimizer (SGD, Adam, RmsProp)
  • Analytical approach to quadratic case.
  • Wide set of empirical tests (Image classification, Neural Translation, LSTM training)


  • Lack of test loss pictures, the majority of them obtained for the train loss\accuracy
  • Lack of pictures with different batch sizes
  • Difficult to analyze the method analytically